Why does the EU need macro-regions? : Monika Bogacz

a map of the gaz network in the Baltic Sea region

a map of the gaz network in the Baltic Sea region (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

After introducing the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region macro-regions have gained the international attention. At first sight, this Strategy seemed to draw inspiration from other types of the EU policies. Although, the closer look suggests that the Strategy and the macro-regional concept as such have some unique features.
The purpose of this thesis was to contribute to the current debate on the European integration by identifying the aim of the new EU’s Strategies for the macro-regions. In order to do that, the author focused on both, theoretical and practical sides of emerged EU’s Strategies for the Baltic Sea Region and for the Danube Region. The author have argued that the creation of the strategies represents the new way of working in terms of the European cooperation.
Both, qualitative and quantitative methods were used in this thesis. Dividing the thesis into the theoretical consideration and the practical analysis have allowed to present the whole spectrum of the macro-regional strategies, to understand why they have appeared and to define what role they are playing in the EU.
Essential for this case study was to investigate why the macro-regional strategies have been created within the EU structure.
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Evidence on European Land Use

Zoning v. Land Use

Zoning v. Land Use (Photo credit: tracktwentynine)

The aim of the workshop was to share experiences, to transfer knowledge and to contribute to the debate on Land Use in Europe and ways in which its assessment can be approached. This facilitated a pan-European discussion and enabled the EU-LUPA project to present their perspective and progress, and discuss the validity of their results achieved so far.
The morning was divided in two sessions. The first session addressed the challenge of combining statistical and spatial information by looking into data sources and methodologies.

Topics that have been addressed during this session are:
•Land Cover in Europe: lessons learned from CORINE land cover and new perspectives
•The grid approach: understanding Land Use patterns
•Urban Land Use: lessons learned from Urban Atlas development
•LUCAS: A multi-purpose European Land Use survey
The second session looked into the various approaches to Land Use by going into past and current relevant experiences. Topics that have been addressed during this session are:
•Visions of Land Use transitions in Europe: the VOLANTE project
•Where does the city start? Urban sprawl and compacity analysis (ESPON project FOCI)
•Understanding Land Use patterns in Europe: ESPON project EU-LUPA
The afternoon started with three parallel working groups, each of them focusing on a specific Land Use issue with regard to the EU-LUPA project. Due to having a carousel structure, the participants had the opportunity to debate each of the following issues addressed:
•Methodologies for an enhanced understanding of Land Use changes in EU: Indicators
•Typifying Land Use patterns: Regional typologies
•Identification of main drivers of Land Use changes in EU for a better definition of policy options
At the end of the workshop a concluding plenary debate discussed the main experiences and advises for the EU-LUPA project.

Please visit ESPON page for more info.